Hami King’s Mausoleum
Hami King’s Mausoleum is the tomb of Hami King Hui III, situated in the west suburb of Hami City; it is the Mausoleum for the burial of Islamic kings of Hami in the Qing Dynasty, meaning “land with gold” covering an area of 1.33 hectares and elm tress standing on the side, the first gate faces to north and the second to east. The Mausoleum consists of three parts:the Main Chamber the Side Chamber with five wood pavilions standing from east to west and the Grand Mosque.
The Main Chamber (Hami king’s tomb) was built in the early years of Emperor Guangxu. It is the tombs of the seventh Muslim Prince Boxier and his wives,The eighth prince Mohamed and his wives and other 40-odd family members.The Side Chamber is the tombs for other past princes.The Grand Masque was built in the 35th year of the reign of Emperor Kangxi (1662-1723).
The mausoleum is covered with green glazed and white patterned tiles. The vault is majestic and decorated with colorful paintings. Opposite the mausoleum is another large mosque, the ceiling of which is supported by 108 carved wooden pillars and the inside walls are painted with flower patterns with extracts from the Koran.
The most outstanding one of the tombs is the tomb of Boxier, the seventh Islamic king. West of the gate of the tomb is a rectangle structure, 14 meters high, 15 meters wide and 79 meters deep. The surface of the structure is decorated with the ceramic tiles, on which blue flowers and propitious clouds were painted, and the dome is covered with green colored glaze (the former gourd-shaped green spire is not kept to this day). The inner wall of the dome-shaped tomb is adorned with the blue flowers pattern against the white bottom. There are cylinders standing at the every foursquare of arched door, ascending steps inside the western cylinders of main entrance, which reach the top of the tomb. Here the princes and son of Boxir were also buried, the eighth Islamic king, Mahomet and his princess. The southern of dome-shaped tomb, there were ever standing five wood-pavilions dome-shaped tombs arranging from east to west, which only two constructions remain today. To the east there are the dome-shaped tombs of the last Islamic king Samhusot and his wife, the others are the Islamic kings and their descants through the ages. To west there is a grand mosque, which can provide over 3000 persons at prayer and was built in the time of the fourth Islamic king (who was on the throne from1740-1766) as it is said. The magnificent and solemn architecture is the largest mosque in Hami area.
At present, among all the tombs here, two of them are well preserved. One is to the south consisting of 2 splendid pavilion style constructions. The other one is a 25-meter high building with a dome roof and a square base. This building is made of glazed bricks with stairs leading to the roof. A mosque is opposite the tomb with religious sutras and various designs on its walls. Besides, it can hold 3,000 persons.
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Hami King’s Mausoleum
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