Kashi (full name is Kashgar) in Uygur means "a place of jade", located in the southwestern part of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, it is the westernmost city of China.
Kashi has a history of more than 2,100 years. Since ancient times, it has been an important city in northwestern China. The central, southern and northern routes of the ancient Silk Road joined in Kashgar. From the Western Han Dynasty (206 B.C. - 24 A.D.) through the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), it was the political, economic, cultural, military, and religious center of western China.
There is a saying: "Without visiting Kashi, you cannot say you visited Xinjiang." With buildings, bazaars, historical relics, and handicrafts of the Uygur ethnic group, Kashi possesses a mysterious charm.
Kashi is a sacred place of Islam, many famous mosques named after famous Islam preachers are situated here and this city is a place of Muslim pilgrimage.
Situated in Aitika Square in the center of the city, the magnificent, splendid Aitika Mosque is the largest mosque in China. On important festive occasions, more than 30,000 Muslims worship on bended knees inside and outside the mosque.
Another famous Islamic attraction is Apak Hoja Tomb, situated five kilometers northeast of Kashi; it is an ancient Islamic tomb complex, dignified and splendid. The entire tomb is covered with blue, green and yellow glazed tiles and bricks.
Kashi has long been a trading city connecting central and western Asia. The Grand Bazaar in the northeastern part of the city, the largest garden-like comprehensive market in Xinjiang, is very famous. It known as the Commodity Fair in Central Asia, as well as the International Trading Market in Central and Western Asia. The bazaar sells a great variety of goods, including clothing material, garments, general merchandise, handicrafts, furs, dried fruit, timber, and secondhand goods.
Kashi is mainly inhabited by Uygurs, who are Muslim. They are hospitable and often entertain their guests with delicious food, such as hand-pulled noodles and boiled mutton that is eaten by hand.
Aviation: There are daily flights between Kashi and Urumqi, the capital city of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
Railway: Kashi is the terminal of the railway in southern Xinjiang. There are trains to Urumqi once every other day.
Producing a great variety of products of the characteristics of the Uygur ethnic group, Kashi is called the Center of Folk Arts. The main products include rugs and carpets, Yengsiar knives, Adilis silk, skullcaps, wood block printed cloth, pottery, jewelry, and musical instruments. Kashi is a famous producer of fruit, including pomegranates, badan apricots, figs, grapes, and muskmelons. One kilogram of pomegranates, sweet and sour, costs only 7 yuan (US$1.00). When shopping in Kashi, haggling over the price is a common practice so don’t be shy to bargain.
Back to Top >>
on Xinjiang Map >>